Late Victorian Holocausts Essay

Notes for Late Victorian HolocaustPreface -> Severe drought from 1876-1879 over much of Asia, impact was famineUlysses S. Grant and his family took an extravagant vacation all over Europe, were reported for Herald readers by John Russel Young.While people were struggle to make ends meet. “times are hard, forcing them far from their homes. The Nile has been bad, and when the Nile is bad, calamity comes and the people go away to other villages.” (pg 3)Young noted how the British burdened the poor and famished with the countries foreign debt.More than 5 million Indians had died due to famine in the last 3 yearsEpic drought and famine in: Egypt, China, and IndiaFamine reported in Java, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Korea, Brazil, Southern Africa, and the Mahgreb.1889-1891: another drought brought famine to India, Korea, Brazil & Russia.1896-1902: monsoons in northern China, brought malaria, bubonic plague, dysentery etc.. and killed millions.30-50 million victims were taken from drought, famine and disease: estimated famine mortality chart (pg 7)modern historians have ignored the late Victorian droughts and faminessource of famine due to failure of crops, people were unable to afford the crops. (quote from Polanyi on source of famines pg9)Indians had a market economy forced upon them, which made labor and land commodities, they died because their village community had been destroyed (pg10).There was crop failure and water shortages but there was also grain surpluses in other parts of the country that could have saved drought victims.Three massive and implacable cogwheels of modern history. 1) fatal meshing of extreme events between the world climate system and the late Victorian world economy. 2) The 1870s linked weather and price perturbations through the medium of international grain market (pg. 12) 3) The New Imperialism; each global drought was an opportunity for imperialists to move in on a failing country (last pg. 12)The decline of the Qing granary and flood- control systems, internal structure of India’s cotton and wheat export sectors, the role of racism in regional development in nineteenth-century Brazil may have led to the famine (pg.15)Finish typing Blue sheet notes!!!Chapter 1:The worsening depression in world trade had been spreading misery thru cotton exporting districts of the Deccan. (pg. 26)Forest enclosures and the displacement of gram by cotton had greatly reduced local food security. (pg. 26) Surplus of grain from the Irrawaddy delta that was being sent to Britain as Indian peasants starved. (pg. 26)

Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World4.07 · Rating details ·  893 Ratings  ·  84 Reviews

Examining a series of El Niño-induced droughts and the famines that they spawned around the globe in the last third of the 19th century, Mike Davis discloses the intimate, baleful relationship between imperial arrogance and natural incident that combined to produce some of the worst tragedies in human history.

Late Victorian Holocausts focuses on three zones of drought andExamining a series of El Niño-induced droughts and the famines that they spawned around the globe in the last third of the 19th century, Mike Davis discloses the intimate, baleful relationship between imperial arrogance and natural incident that combined to produce some of the worst tragedies in human history.

Late Victorian Holocausts focuses on three zones of drought and subsequent famine: India, Northern China; and Northeastern Brazil. All were affected by the same global climatic factors that caused massive crop failures, and all experienced brutal famines that decimated local populations. But the effects of drought were magnified in each case because of singularly destructive policies promulgated by different ruling elites.

Davis argues that the seeds of underdevelopment in what later became known as the Third World were sown in this era of High Imperialism, as the price for capitalist modernization was paid in the currency of millions of peasants’ lives....more

Paperback, 464 pages

Published June 17th 2002 by Verso (first published November 19th 2000)

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