Even after 66 years of independence, India is still labeled as a developing country. I think as a nation, we have miles to go. The question of whether or not India is a developed or developing country is not so simple. To understand the real India, we need to look at many other indicators, such as health and education too. I think the level of development in a country is directly proportionate to the way we choose to treat our children, elderly and the disabled. As far as India is concerned, we might score very highly in terms of growth of physical infrastructure, but most of the public places are inaccessible to people with disabilities. As per the 2011 census, India has about 2.7 million people with disabilities, and only a handful of those enjoy education and/or employment. We are spending less than 4% of our GDP on important areas of education and health. Almost 12% of our children (between 5 and 15 years) are identified as child labor, and we have about 2.4 million people living with HIV/Aids.
Almost 25% of my Indians are poor – in the same India where millions use smartphones. Within India, there are many different countries. There is no doubt that in some areas we are a developed country and, as far as people with disability are concerned, we have created facilities and a support system. But in many areas we still have long way to go. Now I leave it to you to decide whether you perceive India as developing or not! We have to focus on the “safety of women” and “corruption”. Corruption has mired growth to a great extent, and past and present governments have so far been unsuccessful in finding a permanent solution. The young Indian faces challenges stretching from a poorly administered education system to the lowest average wage rates in the world. The youth of India today lives in a society defined by multiple languages, religions, ethnicities and political thought, among other things. Yet they define their own generation, which is starkly different from their fathers and grandfathers. This puts them in a unique position to take their country towards positive growth and development.
Essay on Economic Development in India
An economist and an administrator will take upon these changes as an sign of increasing social welfare. But an average person has his own way of judging the economic development. He is primarily concerned with the betterment of his own lot. A Government exists for people; it exists and functions for the good of the common-people.
The economists simply guide the government to enable it to serve the interest of the common-people. But what is the position of common people today? The answer is clear; the average person, today, is neither materially better off nor mentally, as well as, psychologically happier than what he was under the alien rule in the country.
Along with the huge economic development, prices of all consumer-goods are soaring dreadfully and there are many classes of people whose incomes have relatively fallen. Food, the primary necessity of life, is becoming dearer and dearer. It seems that the rising prices would help the agriculturists. However, in the long run he, too, must suffer, sharing with his brethren the common miseries of life.
Apart from the miseries of common person, as a nation, too, we are most discontented. As a nation, we are steeped in debt. Of course it is necessary for a growing country to borrow money; the international situation is such that foreign powers willingly lend us money. From, where has money to come for the repayment of all our debt? We are hoping for a greatly increased productivity of our economy. But it must be noted that it is the debt.
The average person has to put his hands in his pocket to supply the money for the redemption of the mounting foreign loans. But it is the common man whose interest is neglected today.
Our Government is proud of the great industrial plants which have started functioning under the Plans, and more are to be established under the new Plan. For example, we have mighty steel and power plants in various parts of the country. But the failure to move requisite quantities of coal to the plants has been adversely commented upon.
Agriculture is the backbone of Indian Economic Development. Regarding agriculture, it is clear fact that there has been much more to do. Of course, with the abolition of zamindari system, peasants have heaved a sigh of relief. But due to inadequate management and slackened control over the ownership of ‘seer’ Land by the ex-zamindars, especially in Uttar Pradesh., Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, the relief which peasants expected, has not been offered to.
There is lack of the latest scientific tools for cultivation work. Further, The village dwellers are streaming into urban areas, being attracted by a false notion that the industries would absorb them. But in reality migration tends to intensify the complexity of our unemployment problem.
To sum up, the economic situation in the country since the independence has been that the rich have become richer whereas the poor have become poorer. The laborers and common men have not yet been able to spare themselves from their economic wants of life.
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